Propolis is a resinous mixture that honey bees collect from tree buds, sap flows, or other botanical sources. Propolis is a resinous substance collected by honeybees from buds and exudates of certain trees and plants, and stored inside their hives. It has been used in folk medicine from ancient times to treat various ailments. It has been revealed that Propolis possesses various biological activities such as antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties.
The name “Propolis” comes from two Greek words: “pro” meaning “before” or “for” and “polis” meaning “city”-as bees are using Propolis in order to protect their city. In the hive Propolis is used as a kind of cement or clay in order to cover small holes in the walls, protecting both from intruders and from temperature variability and, most important, as Propolis is a very efficient antiseptic, it is used for protection against infections.